The Australian Academy of Science is a not-for profit organisation whose aim is to provide independent and factual information, promote public trust and understanding of science, and support global scientific collaboration. Members of the Academy have been elected for their exceptional contributions to science and research.

The science of immunisation

‘The Science of Immunisation- questions and answers’ was first produced by the Academy in 2012 and aims to assist in the understanding of the scientific processes behind vaccination and to encourage trust in vaccines for COVID-19 and other diseases.

Topics include:

  • what is immunisation?
  • what is in a vaccine?
  • who benefits from vaccines?
  • are vaccines safe?
  • what does the future hold for vaccination?


Author: Rachael McGuire (MVEC Education Nurse Coordinator)

Reviewed by: Rachael McGuire (MVEC Education Nurse Coordinator)

Date: May 2021

Materials in this section are updated as new information and vaccines become available. The Melbourne Vaccine Education Centre (MVEC) staff regularly reviews materials for accuracy.

You should not consider the information in this site to be specific, professional medical advice for your personal health or for your family’s personal health. For medical concerns, including decisions about vaccinations, medications and other treatments, you should always consult a healthcare professional.