Immunisations in Victoria have traditionally been administered through GP clinics, dedicated nurse-led council sessions, and accredited pharmacies. There are also dedicated immunisation services in some hospitals (Monash HealthThe Royal Children’s Hospital and Sunshine hospital).

Due to the volume of immunisations that need to be administered with the rollout of COVID-19 vaccines, an expansion of the current immunisation workforce is required. Specific training and education is needed in order to ensure that the immunisation workforce is appropriately trained to allow each vaccine to be administered safely and effectively.

This reference page details the frequently asked questions regarding training requirements for each member of the Victorian COVID-19 immunisation workforce.

  • Who can administer COVID-19 vaccines?

    Traditional authorised immunisers, including medical staff, nurse immunisers, nurse practitioners, and accredited pharmacist immunisers can provide COVID-19 vaccines once they have completed the National COVID-19 Vaccination Training Program and the Victorian COVID-19 AstraZeneca Supplementary eLearning.

    Additional healthcare professionals eligible to join the Victorian COVID-19 immunisation emergency workforce include Aboriginal health practitioners, pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, registered nurses, enrolled nurses, midwives, student nurses and student midwives, as well as paramedics. Members of this emergency workforce are required to complete the Victorian COVID-19 eLearning Competency, the National COVID-19 Vaccination Training Program, the Victorian COVID-19 Clinical skills and competency (a practical skills check facilitated by your employer) and the Victorian COVID-19 AstraZeneca Supplementary eLearning.

  • What training do authorised immunisers have to complete in order to administer COVID-19 vaccines?

    For existing authorised immunisers (medical staff, nurse immunisers, nurse practitioners and accredited pharmacist immunisers) who wish to be part of the Victorian COVID-19 vaccine delivery workforce, the following training is required:

    1. National COVID-19 Vaccination Training Program
    2. Victorian COVID-19 AstraZeneca Supplementary eLearning
  • What training do members of the emergency workforce have to complete?

    Members of the emergency workforce (Aboriginal health practitioners, pharmacists, pharmacy technicians, registered nurses, enrolled nurses, midwives, paramedics, medical students, student nurses and student midwives) are required to complete the following training prior to administering any COVID-19 vaccines:

    1. Victorian COVID-19 eLearning Competency
    2. National COVID-19 Vaccination Training Program
    3. Victorian COVID-19 Clinical skills and competencies assessment (a practical skills check- please discuss this with your employer)
    4. Victorian COVID-19 AstraZeneca Supplementary eLearning

    NB: Completion of these training programs does not authorise an individual to administer any vaccine other than COVID-19 vaccines.

  • What is the Victorian COVID-19 Clinical skills and competencies assessment?

    The Victorian COVID-19 Clinical skills and competencies assessment is a practical assessment to be undertaken by members of the emergency workforce prior to commencement. It is the responsibility of the health service to verify the clinical skills and authorisation of that staff member to perform their duties within their scope of practice. A certificate will be issued upon succesful completion.

    A template of the Victorian COVID-19 Clinical Skills and Competencies certificate can be found here.

  • What are the roles and responsibilities for the authorised immunisation providers?

    It is recommended that authorised immunisation providers delivering COVID-19 vaccines have a minimum of 6 months of clinical experience as well as current anaphylaxis and basic first aid training.

    Supervising authorised immunisation providers are expected to provide clinical supervision to the emergency workforce. Those providing supervision should have the knowledge and experience to demonstrate and teach the emergency workforce the skills required to ensure practical competence.

    The table below outlines the clinical role for each profession in delivering COVID-19 vaccines, as well as their responsibilities for supervising members of the emergency authorised workforce.

    Clinical roles
    ProfessionPossess and prepare vaccinesPossess and administer vaccinesSupervise the possession, preparation and administration of vaccinesRatio based clinical supervision requirements
    Medical practitioner
    Nurse practitioner (within scope of practice)
    Nurse immuniser*An experienced nurse immuniser can supervise some members of the emergency authorised workforce (must have a minumum of 6 months clinical experience)
    Pharmacist immuniser*An experienced pharmacist immuniser can supervise some members of the emergency authorised workforce (must have a minumum of 6 months clinical experience)
    Paramedic^Paramedics with immunisation experience are able to supervise other paramedics and paramedicine final year students

    * has successfully completed a recognised immuniser program of study (nursing or pharmacist), aligns with the National Immunisation Education Framework for Health Professionals and meets all the requirements for the relevant Secretary Approval: SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19) Vaccine

    ^ a registered paramedic who was authorised to and has experience in administering the influenza vaccine in 2020, previously completed the recognised immuniser program of study and meets all the requirements of the Public Health Emergency Order: Authorisation for preparation and administration – COVID19 Vaccine

  • What are the roles and responsibilities for the emergency immunisation workforce?

    Following the completion of the appropriate training programs, the emergency immunisation workforce can assist in the delivery of COVID-19 vaccines under the supervision of authorised immunisation providers.

    The table below outlines the specific roles and responsibilities for each emergency authorised vaccinator as well as the supervision requirements within the workplace.

    Clinical role
    ProfessionPossess and prepare vaccinesPossess and administer vaccinesSupervision ratio
    Registered nurse/midwife1:10 (indirect supervision to be provided by medical practitioner/nurse practitioner/nurse immuniser/pharmacist immuniser)
    Enrolled nurse1:10 (indirect supervision to be provided by nurse practitioner/nurse immuniser)
    Paramedic1:10 (indirect supervision to be provided by medical practitioner/nurse practitioner/nurse immuniser/pharmacist immuniser/paramedic with immunisation experience)
    Aboriginal Health Practitioner*1:4 (indirect supervision to be provided by medical practitioner/nurse practitioner/nurse immuniser)
    PharmacistXNA
    Pharmacy TechnicianX1:5 (indirect supervision, including via telephone/video call, to be provided by pharmacist)
    Pharmacy student/intern^X

    * authorised to possess, prepare and administer COVID-19 vaccines with a medication order by a medical practitioner or nurse practitioner

    ^ must have completed health service competency in aseptic technique

  • What are the roles and responsibilities for the emergency immunisation student workforce?

    Under specific conditions set out by the Public Health Emergency Order nursing, midwifery, medical and paramedicine students are authorised to possess, prepare and administer COVID-19 vacccines in Victoria.

    The table below outlines the specific roles and responsibilities for each emergency student vaccinator as well as the supervision requirements within the workplace.

    NB: students cannot form more than 50% or the supervision quota

    Clinical role
    ProfessionPossess and prepare vaccinesPossess and administer vaccinesSupervision ratio^
    Medical students*1:10 (indirect supervision to be performed by medical practitioner/nurse practitioner/nurse immuniser/pharmacist immuniser)
    Nursing/midwifery students*1:10 (indirect supervision to be performed by nurse practitioner/nurse immuniser)
    Paramedicine students*1:10 (indirect supervision to be performed by medical practitioner/nurse practitioner/nurse immuniser/pharmacist immuniser/ paramedic with immunisation experience)

    * competence in intramuscular injection must be assessed and satisfied by their education provider

  • Do non-clinical staff involved in the handling or distribution of COVID-19 vaccines have to complete any training?

    Anyone involved in the handling or distribution of COVID-19 vaccines are recommended to complete the 3 non-clinical modules of the National COVID-19 Vaccination Training Program.

  • How do I apply to be part of Victoria’s COVID-19 vaccine workforce?

    You can apply directly to the vaccination hubs or via Torrens Health. The links below are to the careers pages of the health services operating COVID-19 vaccination hubs:

  • How do GP practices and community pharmacies apply to become part of the Victorian vaccine workforce?

    An expression of interest process was conducted by the Commonwealth for those practices/community pharmacies who wished to be a part of the COVID-19 vaccine workforce. More information about this can be found via Australian Government Department of Health: Information for COVID-19 vaccination providers.

  • I have further questions regarding the COVID-19 vaccine workforce in Victoria, who can I contact?

    For any further questions not answered on this page please email workforce.training@health.vic.gov.au or refer to Victorian COVID-19 vaccination guidelines.

Authors: Rachael McGuire (MVEC Education Nurse Coordinator) and Francesca Machingaifa (MVEC Education Nurse Coordinator)

Date: May 2021

Materials in this section are updated as new information and vaccines become available. The Melbourne Vaccine Education Centre (MVEC) staff regularly reviews materials for accuracy.

You should not consider the information in this site to be specific, professional medical advice for your personal health or for your family’s personal health. For medical concerns, including decisions about vaccinations, medications and other treatments, you should always consult a healthcare professional.