What is it?

Measles is a highly contagious viral illness.

What to look for

Infection usually begins with 2-4 days of fever, malaise, cough, runny nose and conjunctivivits.

A macropapular rash then develops, often beginning on the face before becoming more generalised.

Complications of disease include pneumonia, encephalitis, brain damamge, subacute sclerosing panencephalitis (SSPE) and death.

Measles infections during pregnancy can result in miscarriage and prematurity.

How is it transmitted?

It is highly infective and spread by coughing and sneezing.


The measles vaccines (measles-mumps-rubella or measles-mumps-rubella-varicella) can protect against disease. For those born after 1966, 2 doses are required for lifelong protection. Currently on the Victorian Immunisation Schedule this is given at 12 months of age (MMR) and 18 months of age (MMRV).


Reviewed by: Rachael McGuire (SAEFVIC Research Nurse, Murdoch Children’s Research Institute)

Date: February 2018

Materials in this section are updated as new information and vaccines become available. The Melbourne Vaccine Education Centre (MVEC) staff regularly reviews materials for accuracy.

You should not consider the information in this site to be specific, professional medical advice for your personal health or for your family’s personal health. For medical concerns, including decisions about vaccinations, medications and other treatments, you should always consult a healthcare professional.