As reported by ABC in March, Queensland has reported 89 Q fever infections since the beginning of 2024, an increase of almost 90% compared to the same time in 2023.

Q fever is caused by infection with the Coxiella burnetii bacteria.  Bacterial reservoirs for human infection primarily include cattle, sheep, and goats; however, other animals can also be infected.  Transmission occurs via the inhalation of infected aerosols or contaminated soil, dusts or water droplets.

The vaccine Q-Vax is recommended for those aged over 15 years in specific high-risk occupational groups. Q-Vax is available for private purchase. Researchers in Queensland are developing a new vaccine which they hope will be more accessible.

ABC: Q fever case spike in Qld drives renewed push for more accessible vaccine for ‘nasty’ bacterial disease (March 2024)
ABC: Q fever vaccine funding boosted as the hunt for a better solution continues (August 2020)
MVEC: Q fever